Sunday, August 23, 2020

Cannabis Industry Leadership Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Cannabis Industry Leadership - Essay Example From the investigation plainly Ethan Nadelmann is among the people who are upholding moves towards weed sanctioning. He fills in as the Drug Policy Alliance regulatory executive. He specifies that the legislature ought not meddle with the exercises of those people who use pot. Nadelmann has for around two decades has embraced changes that impact intentional mindfulness, contending that the battle against merciless laws on drugs isn't just about battling for the privileges of people that utilization drugs. He likewise targets famous substances, for example, weed. The move targets battling against the exceed actin practiced by the government consequently end the silly medication boycott among people. As the report investigates legitimization of cannabis was a disregarded issue 20 years back before the Nadelmann’s passage to the field. At this period, just criminal producers took an interest in the training by giving flyers in different shows to request the administration to quit meddling with the cannabis business. By and by, be that as it may, the endeavors that Nadelmann has advanced have prompted the sanctioning of cannabis in two states, while it is utilized for therapeutic purposes in an extra 16 states. Nadelmann is additionally a compelling strategy business person who focuses on any issue influencing local issues. The significant power that drove Nadelmann to help the sanctioning of maryjane was the possibility that medication misuse was viewed as an emergency in the general wellbeing field.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Controversies In Archaeology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Contentions In Archeology - Essay Example Toward the finish of Pleistocene period, these creatures had totally vanished or wiped out. In Asia and Europe, a comparable example of elimination of Pleistocene warm blooded creature occurred where lions, bear, and wooly rhino vanished (Fagan 47). The focal inquiry that excavator and scientistss pose is what caused the elimination of these enormous vertebrates in such a brief timeframe range? A few archeologists, researchers, and scientistss have suggested that the end of these warm blooded animals can be credited to the climatic changes while others, for example, Paul Martin have ascribed it to the human reason or chasing needless excess. Martin’s clarification of the vanishing of the biggest warm blooded creatures towards the finish of Pleistocene period has not gotten support from North American Pleistocene archeological and paleontological records. It has been a dubious point in archaic exploration since the 1860s with certain archeologists contending that human trackers were the ones liable for the annihilation of the Pleistocene well evolved creatures. Right now, the issue of human trackers being accused for the vanishing of the world’s greatest animals has been questioned with researchers from North America, Western Europe, and Australia contending that well evolved creature eradication during the Pleistocene time frame can't be accused on the needless excess (Meltzer and Grayson 586). The hypothesis of needless excess has been contested in view of absence of adequate proof. Scientistss and archeologists contend that the pointless excess hypothesis was totally founded on convictions or confidence as opposed to on science and solid proof from animal’s remains. Archeologists, for example, Paul Martin has credited the elimination of the world’s biggest well evolved creatures to human causes as he affirms that their terminations were a result of effect of human chasing in North America. Further, Martin contends that the climatic changes during the interglacial periods didn't prompt the end of the enormous warm blooded creatures, for example, Mammoth toward the finish of the Pleistocene time frame in light of the fact that these creatures were all around adjusted to various situations and hence, they couldn't capitulate to the adjustments in atmosphere. The presence of the Clovis trackers in North America 11,000 years prior relates to the vanishing of a portion of the terminated species, for example, wooly rhinos. The fluted focuses have been found in connection with the bones of the wiped out types of these creatures, for example, the buffalo, pony, mammoth, and camel. These disclosures recommend that the Paleo-Indian and Clovis trackers with brisk and easy access to creatures uninformed of the risky predators, for example, lions and bears quickly killed the whole types of huge creatures they confronted (Price and Feinan 152). Martin’s contends that the Clovis gathering of trackers chased these Anim als, which prompted their elimination. Archeological proof from these locales and other North American fields contained the remaining parts of mammoth, which caused Martin to attest that the Clovis trackers chased these creatures. This sensible perception was then converted into speculation that the Clovis individuals were major game trackers even there was no (and still there is no) proof for such specialization. Because of this method of reasoning, some North America archeologists have credited the North American Pleistocene eradication to some extent to human causes. So as to legitimize his contentions, Martin utilized Island annihilation to demonstrate that human colonization prompted the disappeara

Friday, August 21, 2020

Chesapeake Energy Corporation

Chesapeake Energy Corporation (NYSE: CHK), headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, â€Å"owns 1.1 trillion cubic feet equal (tcfe) of demonstrated oil and gas saves, probably the biggest stock of inland U.S. common gas† {Chesapeake Annual Report, 1998, p. 1}. As of late, Chesapeake completed the change from a forceful investigation organization concentrated on growing short-hold life, to a lower-chance, longer save life gaseous petrol maker. Chesapeake†s tasks are centered around â€Å"developmental boring and creating property acquisitions.† These activities are â€Å"concentrated in three significant regions: the Mid-landmass, the inland Gulf of Mexico and far northeastern British Columbia, Canada† [Chesapeake Annual Report, 1998, p. 1]. Aubrey K. McClendon is Chesapeake†s Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director. Tom L. Ward is the President, Chief Operating Officer and Director. â€Å"McClendon met prime supporter Tom Ward in the 1980†³s. Both were autonomous oil makers; they collaborated in 1983† [Morgenson, p. 2]. They each have over 16 years of involvement with the oil and flammable gas industry. Every single other individual from the supervisory group have numerous long stretches of involvement with the business. Chesapeake has focused on extending its possessions in flammable gas since the company†s fuse in 1989. Chesapeake believes that gaseous petrol will be the fuel decision of the 21st century. The organization has been profoundly serious in the two its investigation exercises and endeavors to expand its stock of lacking leasehold land. This blend should empower Chesapeake to stay a serious power in the vitality delivering industry. New innovation in the oil and gas industry has made investigation and creation progressively beneficial. This is key for the endurance of American organizations that contend with OPEC and other outside cartels that have low creation costs. New innovation, including three-dimensional imaging, which has more prominent goals than the already existing innovation, will empower Chesapeake to distinguish holds all the more precisely. Additionally, flat boring has empowered organizations to deplete more than each save in turn. With benefits proceeding to be pressed inside this industry, new innovation is important to enable American organizations to contend on a worldwide scale. The oil and gas industry is really a worldwide market. The business supported gains in 1999 from expanded creation effectiveness and an abatement in the present gracefully. U.S. firms, alongside OPEC, have deliberately marked down their absolute creation, which has expanded the cost. OPEC as of now supplies roughly 40% of the world oil creation. On the off chance that OPEC decides to deliver at a lower yield, Chesapeake could without much of a stretch increment creation with its low creation costs and tremendous stores. Numerous different countries are developing as contenders, for example, the previous Soviet Union and Latin American nations. The proceeding with increment in gracefully from different countries would conceivably immerse the market, causing lower costs and lower benefits. Request is relied upon to rise just somewhat in excess of two percent during that time 2005. The standpoint for this industry is for expanded rivalry locally (from littler organizations) and universally from developing countries. The U.S. has prevalent innovation, which will help keep benefits up as flexibly increments and request remains generally consistent. Flammable gas makes up 72% of Chesapeake†s income. They ordinarily offer the item to outsiders and are not subject to any one purchaser. Under 10% of their incomes are created from two purchasers. Legislative Regulations †Operational and Labor Relations The oil and gas enterprises are dependent upon extensive government guideline. These laws and guidelines are essentially coordinated toward â€Å"the taking care of and removal of penetrating and creation squander items and waste made by water and air contamination control devices† [Chesapeake 10-K, 1998, p. 10]. The oil and gas industry is responsible to various government offices, including the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of the Interior, the Department of Energy, the State Department and the Department of Commerce. For all intents and purposes each part of tasks is dependent upon complex and consistently evolving guidelines. The oil and gas industry is firmly directed concerning work relations by government division and offices, including the Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) and the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). A few states have their own state supported word related wellbeing plans, while the rest of conform to government OSHA guidelines. A portion of the points secured under OSHA incorporate individual defensive gear, perilous correspondence (HAZCOM) and wellbeing process preparing. Chesapeake had 453 workers as of March 15, 1999. None of these representatives were spoken to by sorted out worker's guilds. The organization believes its representative relations to be acceptable [Chesapeake 10-K, 1998, p. 13]. Unocal (NYSE: UCL) utilized 7,880 individuals as of December 31, 1998, of which 575 were spoken to by different U.S. trade guilds [Unocal 10-K, 1998, p. 12]. The two organizations are dependent upon new laws and guidelines with respect to nature and work. Chesapeake and Unocal can't anticipate what antagonistic budgetary conditions the new laws and guidelines will bring. Nonetheless, present moment and long haul costs will increment as organizations improve existing tasks to become and stay agreeable with government guidelines. Thus, all organizations in petro-synthetic enterprises are encountering huge trouble working gainful organizations. A few organizations have stopped activities because of expanded guideline combined with poor net revenues. Chesapeake is at a higher hazard with respect to this situation since the greater part of its activities are household. Unocal, albeit a U.S. based organization, activities are thought basically abroad, and in this way experience expanded tolerance with respect to natural and work guidelines. During the most recent two years, Chesapeake Corporation endured a critical shot as far as profit, stock cost and FICO scores. Positive 1996 profit went to a misfortune in 1997 and tumbled to a greater loss of $10 per share in 1998. This income decrease caused the stock cost and FICO assessment to dive. The organization likewise faces a legal claim coming from supposed infringement of government protections laws. Top administration and chiefs are blamed for utilizing insider data to sell individual property in the organization at falsely swelled costs. Chesapeake had baffling a very long time in 1997 and 1998 as confirm by the fall in the stock cost. The organization experienced a generous repositioning to expand flammable gas possessions and decrease hazard. Because of this repositioning, Chesapeake caused extensive obligation and is reliant available costs of oil and gaseous petrol to increment, and in actuality, improve overall revenues. Furthermore, in 1997, Chesapeake changed their financial year end from June 30th to December 31st. As a major aspect of the repositioning, Chesapeake expanded long haul obligation over $400 million to a sum of $920 million, combined with a momentary obligation of $25 million. This expanded acquiring radically decreased the company†s capacity to get extra financing. Standard and Poor†s and Moody†s put Chesapeake on survey with a negative standpoint. The capacity to meet commitments for this extra obligation will rely upon the creation and money related execution of the organization, showcase costs of oil and gaseous petrol, and general monetary conditions. Regular Size Income Statement Analysis Chesapeake had a very huge record of advantages (disability) because of discounted oil and gas costs during the previous barely any years. This charge expanded working expenses by over $1.2 billion during 1997-98 with 72% of that cost coming in 1998. The benefit record, joined with cost increments underway, promoting and intrigue, were the fundamental supporters of absolute working expenses to be more than multiple times all out income. The outcome was 1998 EBIT of ($920) million, and a non-existent ROE, since the organization had an overal deficit drawing nearer $1 billion. Unocal†s ROE was 5.9% in 1998 and 25.1% in 1997. The hindrance cost detailed by Chesapeake is faulty in light of the exceptionally huge sum that was charged. In context, Unocal with over $5 billion in property resources recorded a debilitation charge of $97 million during 1998. On the off chance that oil and gas costs ascend soon, the weakness expenses might be switched giving the feeling that the organization is doing quite well. Future speculators of Chesapeake values ought to consider this reality preceding creation any venture choices. Chesapeake had a $140 million decrease to the two sides of the accounting report. The repositioning of the firm centered around expanding stock of gaseous petrol saves, â€Å"the fuel of decision for the 21st century† [1998 Annual Report, pg. 18]. Oil and gas properties almost multiplied from 1997 to 1998, totaling $2.2 billion. Be that as it may, about $1.6 billion was devalued, exhausted and amortized. Furthermore, money diminished about $100 million, momentary speculations were exchanged, and paid-in capital surpassed $1.1 billion in the course of recent years to give extra money to acquisition of gas holds. Accordingly, all out property, plant and gear was 85% of all out resources in 1998 contrasted with 77% in 1997. In examination, Unocal†s PP&E was 66% and 64% of absolute resources separately. Long haul obligation expanded over $400 million of every 1998, totaling $920 million contrasted with $510 million of every 1997. The $920 million was 113% comparable to add up to liabilities and proprietors value of $813 million. In 1998, current liabilities were $131 million contrasted with current resources of $118 million. This brought about a decreased current proportion of .90 from a 1997

Public Relations Campaigns Lab Report Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words - 1

Advertising Campaigns - Lab Report Example It is important to handle zones of the advertising effort that are fundamental for the achievement association of the Olympic Games. The principle zone of center will be the 2012 London Olympic Games. Olympic Games have developed as a huge global game where a few people partake in differing rivalries. The occasion is held after at regular intervals. It includes the cooperation of in excess of 200 nations at some random time. In spite of the fact that the occasions are of worldwide status, just great advertising activity can guarantee the accomplishment of the games. The coordinators of such occasions have devoted tremendous assets towards the advertising efforts. A genuine model was the most recent Olympic Games that held in London in the United Kingdom in the year 2012. The Olympic Games held in London significantly accomplished its primary goals on the grounds that numerous members got their decorations and raised the banner of their countries into the global spotlight. In any case, there are questions concerning whether the brand backers of the Olympics accomplished their objectives of directing the advertising effort for the games. While the facts confirm that the games suppor ted the downturn undermined economy of the United Kingdom, the equivalent can't be valid pretty much all the items ready to move during that period (Matera and Artigue, 2010). A worldwide advertising bunch called ECCO led a global study on the impacts of advertising effort on the London 2012 Olympic Games and produced a few discoveries. There is a wide held conviction that the occasion changed Britain’s picture on the positive note. It helped support universal exchange and the travel industry for Britain. Accordingly, there have been expanded positive discernments about the items and administrations from Britain among the world network (Gregory, 2010). The serious open connection battles permitted the United Kingdom to

Monday, July 6, 2020

An Analysis of the Anti-Utopian Notion in “Notes from Underground” - Literature Essay Samples

Notes from Underground, completed in 1864, is considered one of Dostoevsky’s most deviously insightful works, famous for its gloomy description of not only the dark historical period but also the dark environment in which the protagonist lives. This is a novel that attacks moralism, rationalism, utilitarianism and utopian idealism. After a thorough reading, one can locate abundant clues and evidence to support that one of the core themes of Notes from Underground is the fight against the world that people would call civilized, i.e. the ideal world that people are longing for, and the world that â€Å"I†, the protagonist of the story, will deny. The opening paragraphs of the story clearly convey the protagonist’s view of life, personality and the status of his rationality. Almost immediately, we learn that the protagonist is afflicted by illness but refuses to receive medical treatment. He says, â€Å"My liver hurts; well, then let it hurt even worse†(3). He interprets medical treatment as â€Å"harming only myself and no one else.† This reveals how clearly he understands his illness. That he chooses not to see a doctor proves the protagonist’s advocacy for free will and the power of this free will could make him choose to tolerate the pain rather than seek a cure. Well-being and happiness are desirable goals, and also the features of the utopian world, but he chooses to deny these notions and suffer in order to prove his views. Furthermore, his monologue also implies his championing of rationality over morality and how he escapes from the control imposed by morality. He says: â€Å"What was the main point about my wickedness? The whole thing precisely was †¦ that I was simply frightening sparrows in vain, and pleasing myself with it.†(4) This excerpt shows how powerfully moral judgment suppresses a person’s anger. It changes a person in rage into a timid sparrow.Moreover, simple comfort like a doll or sugar could assuage him. Closely following the above quote is the protagonist’s confession, â€Å"an intelligent man of the nineteenth century must be and is morally obliged to be primarily a characterless being; and a man of character, an active figure – primarily a limited being† (5). When everybody is calling for a higher standard of morality, the protagonist expresses the idea that morality makes people characterless. When morality is considered a social progress towards utopian idealism, the protagonist chooses to avoid it and live out his life outside of this movement, behaving in a way that society would deem wicked. He dislikes s ociety, so he stays away from it, and he remains â€Å"wicked† so as not to become characterless. The protagonist clearly knows that he could not blend in with society because of his wickedness, but upon facing their derision, he could do nothing but fight back in protest. This is illustrated by his encounter with an officer in the street. In thinking about how to deal with the superior officer, he says, â€Å"it tormented me that even in the street I simply could not be on an equal footing with him.† (48) He thought it humiliating and unequal that he would have to step aside in deference to the officer even though the man had no authority on the street. He even imagines, â€Å"what if I meet him and do not step aside? Deliberately do not step aside, even if I have to shove him?† (48) The key word here is equality, in that the protagonist does not want to exist in a system where an officer is perceived to have more value than the common man. He just would not swerve to obtain his sense of being treated equally, and all the theory of equality comes from western enlig htenment. As an intellect influenced by it, he becomes oversensitive after he spends too much of his energy focusing on it.Equality is a concept that exists in the description of ideal interpersonal relationships and, crucially, in the utopian world. It is a social state that everybody desires. However, that he emphasizes the notion of equality with such vehemence indicates that it has influenced and changed his personality and social behavior, which implies that he is a rebel of idealism. Ultimately, the narrator rejects blending in with society, and does not seek the same sense of happiness that others yearn for. His love affair with Liza is another example that proves he avoids the notion of happiness as interpreted by others. In chapter six, he says, â€Å"I grew up without a family: that must be why I turned out this way†¦feeling† (84). This personal judgment of himself prepares him for his later escape from Liza. His emotional confession of his situation touched his sensitive nerve to love, but as his confession echoes Liza’s misfortune, Liza started to pay special attention to him. However, after â€Å"seeing her suddenly blush† for what could happen next, he abruptly starts to defend himself by saying, â€Å"I am not ashamed of my poverty,† â€Å"I look upon my poverty with pride† (106) Poor but noble this is his self-evaluation which reveals his sensitiveness. Then he â€Å"jumped up and ran to Apollon,† and he t hinks he â€Å"had to vanish somewhere† (106). His sudden departure finally ends his love of Liza, which also proves that he is not only sensitive but also lacks confidence. He is poor, but he finds reasons and defends his poverty, which proves that he is afraid of his future with Liza. Because love is considered a blissful thing and a symbol of an ideal world, he chooses to avoid it and escape. The Underground Mans failed relationship with Liza, when considered together with his attitude of his life and his social behavior helps to conclude that he staunchly refused to pursue what others would perceive as an ideal world. Everything that marks idealism and betterment he choose to escape from in order to preserve his worldview of free will over happiness. As a philosophical and psychological statement, Notes from Underground expresses an anti-utopian tendency. Work Cited: Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Notes From Underground. New York: Bantam. 1983

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Managing different cultures in the work place - 825 Words

Managing different cultures in the work place (Research Paper Sample) Content: WORKING IN INTERNATIONAL TEAMS; MANAGING ACROSS DIFFERENT CULTURES WITH EMPHASIS ON CULTUREByInsert NameSubject, Institution, LocationInstructorDateWorking in International TeamsThe number of multicultural teams have increased tremendously over the past few years. This can be attributed to increased cross border mobility which has enabled individuals to move easily from one region to the other. In the process, individuals from different ethnic backgrounds and cultures have mixed freely thereby heightening the level of diversity within the society. Advancement in technology, expanded telecommunication channels, and improved internet technologies have contributed positively to the increasing levels of diversity, and reduced barriers within the society. With these factors within our midst, multicultural teams are common among many organizations. Individuals in organizations work in multicultural teams on a daily basis. For this reason, managing multicultural teams become s necessary within such organizations and HRM departments have to implement management strategies that will assist in managing multicultural teams (Connaughton, Shuffler, 2007).To overcome challenges associated with working with international teams requires managers to learn the aspect false consensus effect to avoid taking other cultures for granted. Individuals in a multi-cultured environment perceive things differently and therefore, caution must be taken to avoid misinterpretations, confusion, misunderstandings, and bad decisions for business. There is no doubt that managing multicultural teams generates increased dilemmas and substantial obstacles for most managers. The fact that global mobility and global operations leads to a multicultural workforce should not be unusual among managers. Individuals working in a similar company might share similar professional qualifications but lack similar cultural perspectives. Diverse behaviors and opinions should be expected among indivi duals within the workforce.Managing international teams require investment in diverse cultural knowledge and resilience. Managers of international teams should be sensitive to diverse cultures in order to understand the different priorities, behaviors, and expectations of all members within the team. To be versed in such strategies, managers of international teams can enroll in coaching or training in order to acquaint themselves with skills, knowledge, and strategies that can enable them to manage international teams efficiently and effectively (Butler, Zander, 2008). This can be achieved through the following strategies.First, managers of international teams should study the composition of their workforces to obtain a wider picture of the different ethnic compositions. This will provide the platform to enable the manager to identify areas of research and possible challenges that might present themselves as s/he tries to work with international team. Studying the composition of t he workforce also provides the synergy and positive energies needed to manage cultural teams (Friedemann, 2008). Spending a significant amount of time with team members is essential for managers of international teams because it enables them to analyze the contributions and skills of each individual member.The second strategy involves developing a leadership strategy that accommodates their preferred leadership style in order to increases chances of increasing interactions with team members. An international leadership style might not work at the domestic level and similarly, a domestic style cannot work if applied in the international level (Starren, Hornikx, Luijters, 2013). This shows the essence of planning, analyzing, and respecting the needs and preferences of all cultures. For an international manager to succeed, he/she needs to take into account the cultural considerations of all team members.The third strategy for enabling managers of international teams to achieve success involves appreciating the contributions of each team member based on the cultural value they add to the organization (Fain, Kline, 2013). An organization cannot be said to be diverse if its members come from a monochromic culture. Appreciating efforts from team members entails giving credit where it deserves and respecting divergent views that are sensitive to the organization. Such involvement also helps to equalize power among different cultures within the organization. A situation where one culture wields more power than other cultures is counterproductive to the organization (Anderson, 2010). Proper planning must be done to avoid vesting disproportionate power to particular cultures.Fourth, after studying and analyzing the behavioral and cultural needs of team members within the organization, it is emphatically crucial for a manager to develop organizational rules and processes that will be universal to all team members within the organization. It is advisable to develop clear and explicit rules that have elements of respect to all cultures (Hornikx, O'Keefe, 2011). Involving input from all team members works best because it enables managers of international teams to avoid ambiguous situations in future.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Debate On The Existence Of God - 2437 Words

We live in a world were the idea of a great and powerful God is highly controversial, there is wide scale of opinions as to whether or not God exist. The reasons behind those controversies are numerous, a few of those reasons are: †¢ That people from different religions all argue that their God is better then any other, thus creating numerous ruptures within churches †¢ That certain people rather believe in numerous Gods and worship them all. †¢ That some people would rather believe in reason and science those people often call themselves atheists. I believe in the existence of God but I will discuss arguments that express both the existence of God and none existence of God in order to prove that God really does exist. By visiting and†¦show more content†¦Classical theism philosophers Anselm and Descartes have two similar formulations that created the Anselmian-Cartesian point which is: â€Å"Ordinary things may of course be conceived without conceiving them as existing, but it is because the existence of their natures is contingent, not necessary [†¦] this contingency as a mode of relationship to existence is itself necessary, inherent in the natures, such as entities that if not in this world, then in some other world it’s at least possible.† (Hartshorne, Rees 97). Descartes and Anselm also contributed to the ontological argument where Descartes argument that attempted to prove that God is the cause of our clear and distinct perception, He is perfect in everyway, He does not deceive and His idea i s innate. Anselm’s argument appears to be an a priori proof of Gods existence. It is based on experience and concept. He believes that God is an unsurpassable being; a being that cannot be improved upon. Descartes asked a critical question â€Å"How do I know that I have a genuine idea of perfection rather than a confused or self-contradictory pseudo-idea?† (Hartshorme, Rees 134-135) Descartes attempted to explain this question that God exist in our understanding, the concept of God being an idea in our mind, he also says that God is a possible being and exist in reality. God cannot only exist in our understanding. So therefore, these ontological arguments make it clear that when we can comprehend the existence of God, it will be